Doc A's Web Page

 

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"Sacred cows make the best hamburger."

--Mark Twain

 

 

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Humor Page 1                                     Humor Page 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never Underestimate People's Ability to Amaze You!

(interesting news stories)

 

 

 

 

I have recently retired from teaching (May 2012) and am now able to spend more time doing research, working around the farm, riding my motorcycle, and being with my lovely wife, Amy.  I have left the various syllabi for the courses I taught on my website, however, in case they prove useful to anyone, especially as I created numerous web pages for each course and established links to several web pages containing information relevant to the topics covered in those courses.

 

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COURSES TAUGHT:

Cultural Anthropology

Human Population Growth

Native American Ecology

Human Ecology

Origin and Evolution of Religious Movements

 

Anthropology, Religion and the Bible

Anthropology, Religion and the Rise of Christianity

Research Design in Anthropology

Anthropology of Sex and Gender

Jesus Christ Superstar

 

 

Jesus Christ Superstar

 

 

The Last Supper

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jesus Christ Superstar

2007 - 2011

Graduation Dinner

 

 

 

 

 

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Selected Web Pages:

A Temporary Convenience

A Critical Review of the Species Concept

Although species are widely understood as genetic units defined by the ability of individual organisms to exchange hereditary material (DNA), this view of species does not accurately reflect the species concept as it is understood and applied in contemporary biological and ecological research. This paper critically examines the species concept and suggests that, given the arbitrariness of the definition of species and the inability to apply any species concept consistently and universally, the species concept should be recognized not as a natural entity but rather as a human construct with only limited validity and utility.

 

 

 

 

Circumcision, Subincision and Other Forms of Ritual Genital Surgery

 

While many in the West voice opposition to what is ethnocentrically referred to as "Female Genital Mutilation," the fact is that female circumcision throughout the world is performed under conditions identical to male circumcision, and for the same reasons.  Moreover, while male circumcision is performed in numerous societies that do not perform female circumcision, female circumcision is only performed in those societies that also perform male circumcision.

 

 

Infanticide

 

Although infanticide is strongly imposed in the West, it is a common family planning technique in many pats of the world, where it is practiced for the same reasons as abortion in developed countries. Many of the same questions can be raised about both practices.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hurricanes and Global Warming

 

Ever since the damage caused by Hurricane Katrina, many have claimed that an increase has occurred in both the number and the destructiveness of hurricanes due to global warming. The data does not support such claims.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It Isn't Easy Being Green

 

While the loudest voices in the environmental movement have been among the middle and upper-middle classes, it is the lifestyle of  this segment of the population that causes the most environmental damage.

 

Is There A Bias In Higher Education?

While conservative religious colleges are more often accused of presenting ideologically biased courses and educational programs, many non-religious colleges and universities are equally guilty.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You Are a Fluke of the Universe

  

For centuries, humans have believed that they are the most important species. However, the reality is that humans represent a rather late and insignificant development in the evolution of the earth and the universe that might never have happened.

 

 

Logging and Deforestation

 

Despite the hysteria claiming that current levels of logging will cause a catastrophic destruction of the world's forests, a critical examination of two articles presenting just such a claim --one on Brazil and one on the Congo-  shows that the authors' own data don't support their arguments.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Overpopulation

 

Beginning with Paul Ehrlich's, The Population Bomb, hysteria about overpopulation has been at the center of the environmental movement.  Among other things, overpopulation has been presented as the major cause of poverty and environmental degradation throughout the world.  The data, however, shows little support for such an argument.

 

 

 

The Jesus Movement

 

While Jesus is generally referred to as the "Prince of Peace," concerned with the welfare of all mankind, he may have been more violent and more specifically Jewish in orientation than is generally believed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genealogy, Politics and History in the Book of Genesis

 

Parts of the genealogy contained in the Hebrew Bible may represent a political rationalization for Israelite relations with neighboring peoples, associating their rivals' ancestors with sexual misconduct.

 

 

 

 

Hill's Criteria of Causation

 

Hill's Criteria of Causation outline the minimal conditions needed to establish a causal relationship between two items.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Myth of Chief Seattle

 

Chief Seattle's speech has been revered by many people for the inspirational message it provides and for the respect for the environment it displays. However, the entire speech is a fabrication. The words attributed to Chief Seattle were never spoken by him; nor could they have been.

 

 

 

 

Colonization and Resistance

in North America and Palestine

 

American colonization westward throughout the 19th century shows a remarkable similarity to contemporary Israeli colonization of Palestine, regarding the actions of both the colonizer and the colonized.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taliban War on Women

 

Feminists have attempted to characterize Taliban rule in Afghanistan as a "War on Women."  Taliban rule should more appropriately be viewed as that of an Islamic fundamentalist polity whose ultra-conservative policies are directed at men and women alike, as well as at those non-Muslim populations who do not adhere to their creed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Science and Anthropology

 

As a social science, anthropology is concerned with the application of scientific methods to explaining human social behavior. This page discusses some of the issues related to the application of scientific methods in anthropological research.

 

 

 

 

Aristotelian vs. Galilean Forms of Explanation:

Implications for Explaining Human Behavior

 

The difference between Aristotelian and Galilean explanations is that the former provides an explanation based on an indefinable "essence" within an object, which determines that objects behavior, while the latter provides a conditional explanation based on the interaction of measurable variables that together determine the outcome of an event. The use of such Aristotelian concepts as culture, patriarchy, maternal instinct, human nature, etc. in the explanation of human behavior needs to be replaced with systemic explanations based on the interaction of measurable variables within a predictive and testable theoretical framework.

 

 

 

Just How Democratic Are American Elections?

 

Americans are taught how important it is to vote and how much every vote counts. However, most election in the U.S. are determined long before they take place, with incumbents al-but-guaranteed reelection.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irony of Ironies

Jewish Students Flock to a Lutheran College

 

Muhlenberg College in Pennsylvania has recently become a popular destination for Jewish students, despite the fact that Martin Luther was a notorious anti-Semite and hero to the Nazis, and that Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, for whom the college was named, tried to have restrictions on Jews written into the Pennsylvania constitution.

 

 

 

 

The Birth of Jesus

 

While the various stories surrounding the birth of Jesus provide a beautiful backdrop to the Christmas season, none of them is true. They are stories that were borrowed from non-Christian sources and added to the original Jesus story in accordance with evolving Christian theology. 

 

 

 

 

 

When Was Jesus Born?

 

It is generally believed that Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea 2,015 years ago. Nowhere, however, does the New Testament specify the year of Jesus' birth, and the currently accepted year is unlikely to be correct. Only two of the canonical gospels even mention Jesus' birth, and they completely contradict one other in almost every detail related to his birth. In addition, both accounts run counter to logic and are unsupported by the historical evidence.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christian Origins of the Holocaust

The mass slaughter of Jews by the Nazis represented the culmination of nearly 2,000 years of violent Christian anti-Semitism.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ashoura

 

Ashoura is the holiest day of the Muslim calendar. For Shia Muslims, it marks the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of the Prophet Mohammed, in a 7th century battle for leadership of the Islamic world.  Pilgrims flagellate themselves with chains and cut themselves with swords in grief at Hussein's death.

 

 

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Short Commentaries:

 

 

 

On Democracy

 

 

Western Amnesia

and the Kidnapping of Children

 by Boko Haram

 

 

 

 

 

Putting Israeli Bombing of Gaza in Perspective

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moral Righteousness, Amnesia

and Chemical Weapons

 

  

 

 

Spreading Democracy

 

 

 

President Obama

Needs to Read His Bible!

 

 

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PUBLICATIONS:

 

Books


1.  DAM THAT RIVER! Ecology and Mormon Settlement in the Little Colorado River Basin. University Press of  America. Lanham, MD. 1993.

 

 

 

Articles

 

1.  Population Pressure and Subsistence Strategies among the Mbuti Pygmies. Human Ecology 7:183-189. (1979)

2.  Ecological Theory and Ethnic Differentiation among Human Populations. Current Anthropology 23:13-31. (1982)

3.  Reply to F. Morin and H. Nevadomsky, 'On Ecological Theory and Ethnic Differentiation.' Current Anthropology 23:347. (1982)

4.  Water and Community Development in the Little Colorado River Basin, Human Ecology 12(2):241-269. (1985)

5.  Ecological Stability and Community Diversity during Mormon Colonization of the Little Colorado River Basin. Human Ecology 15:317-338. (1987)

6.  Ecology, Resource Redistribution and Mormon Settlement in Northeastern Arizona. American Anthropologist 91:642-655. (1989)

7.  The Social and Ecological Consequences of Early Cattle Ranching in Northeastern Arizona. Human Ecology 23:75-98 (1995)

8.  Ecological Theory and the Evolution of Complex Human Communities.  Advances in Human Ecology 5:111-156. (1996)

9.  Chief Seattle's Speech: A Critical Consideration. FORUM: of the Association for Arid Lands Studies 13: 52-60. (1997).

10.  The Real Chief Seattle was Not a Spiritual Ecologist. The Skeptical Inquirer March/April : 44-48. (1999)

11.  The Myth of Chief Seattle. Human Ecology Review 7:72-75. (2000)

12.  Sociopolitical Implications of the Persistent Western Concern with Global Population Growth. FORUM: of the Association for Arid Lands Studies. (2002)

13.  Competitive Exclusion and Protohistoric Population Interactions in New Mexico. FORUM: of the Association for Arid Lands Studies 19. (2003)

14.  The Intersection of Genealogy, Politics and History in Genesis. FORUM: of the Association for Arid Lands Studies 20:83-95.  (2004)

15.  Ecology and Ethnic Interactions in New Mexico, 1700 - 1850. FORUM: of the Association for Arid Lands Studies 22:1-14. (2006)

 

Chapters in Books

1.  Flux Among the Mbuti Pygmies of the Ituri Forest: An Ecological Interpretation. In Eric B. Ross, ed., Beyond the Myths of Culture: Explorations in Cultural Materialism. New York: Academic Press, pp. 331. (1980)

2.  The Impact of Environmental Productivity and Stability on Community Diversity during Mormon Colonization of the Little Colorado River Basin. In R. Borden, J. Jacobs, G. Young and J. Weisbaden, eds., Human Ecology: Research and Applications. College Park: Society for Human Ecology, pp. 105114. (1987)

3.  The Effect of Local Environmental Variation on the Development of Early Mormon Settlements in Northeastern Arizona. in E. Schultz, ed. Forum, vol. 8. Lubbock, TX: International Center for Arid and Semiarid Land Studies, pp. 65-75. (1992)

 

4.  Ecological Concepts in Anthropological Human Ecology: Illustrations from Mormon  Settlement in Northeastern Arizona. in Scott Wright, Thomas Deitz, Richard Borden, Gerald Young and Gregory Guagnano, eds., Human Ecology: Crossing Boundaries. Society for Human Ecology: College Park, MD, pp. 255-271. (1993)

 

5.  Ecology and Mormon Settlement in Northeastern Arizona. In  D. Bates and S. Lees (eds.),  Case Studies in Human Ecology, pp. 365-391. New York: Plenum Press. (1996)

 

6.  Materialist versus Non-Materialist Explanations of Mbuti Pygmy Subsistence Behavior. In Serge Bahuchet, Daniel Bley, Bernard Brun, Nicole Licht & Helene Pagezy (eds.), L'Homme et la Foret Tropicale. Marseilles: University of Provence Press, pp. 301-309. (1999)

 

 

 

 

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"Out of Egypt have I called my son."

(Matthew 2:15)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

My Family

 

 

 

 

 

Angus enjoying a "poochie cone"

 

 

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Our Home in Pennsylvania

  

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Our Home in the Southwest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Motorcycling in the Southwest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monticello Creek Motorcycle Ride

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bikes I have owned

 

 

 

 

 

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Port Isaac in Cornwall

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Some Closing Thoughts . . .

 

 

One way to protect yourself from ideas you don't like.

 

 

 

 

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"Give not that which is holy unto the dogs,

neither cast ye your pearls before swine."

 

--Matthew 7:6

 

 

 

 

 

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Wanda:

 

Henry:

 

 

 

Don't you hate people?

 

I don't hate people; I just feel better when they're not around.

--Barfly

 

 

 

 

 

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